Health trends and inequalities

Monitoring population health is like shooting at a moving target. There is constant change, and the patterns vary across groups, areas, time periods, and depend on the type of health indicators used.

Using national registers and nationally representative studies, ARC researchers investigate whether older people are healthier now than in the past. In other words, we try to understand whether older people are living more years in good health or more years with disease and disability. We use various measures of health, including diagnosed diseases, symptoms and disabilities, the ability to carry out everyday activities, and tests of physical and mental function.

Ongoing projects within this research area (in alphabetical order):

Does inequality increase among older persons in Sweden? A multidimensional perspective Johan Fritzell, PI

Evolving gender differences in health & care across cohorts (FUTUREGEN) Stefan Fors, PI

Inequality dynamics over the life course: family and policy influences Johan Fritzell, PI

Longer lives, healthier lives? Patterns of severe health problems and dependency in the last years of life Bettina Meinow, PI

Long-term health effects of extending working life: Effects of raising lower and upper pension eligibility ages on health and health inequalities in late-life Carin Lennartsson, PI

Psychosocial working conditions and late-life physical functioning: What role do gender, socioeconomic position, work-life balance, and coping mechanisms play? Ingemar Kåreholt, PI

Pushed to the edge of society: Social exclusion among older women and men in Sweden Lena Dahlberg, PI

Social inequalities in ageing (SIA): health, care, and institutional reforms in the Nordic welfare model  Johan Fritzell, PI

Social inequalities of health in Sweden and Brazil – aspects of time and space Johan Fritzell, PI

Time trends and determinants of disability in activities of daily living among elderly people in central Stockholm, 1987-2013  Chengxuan, Qiu, PI

Back to Research areas